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Individual Rights and Community in America
Under the banner of “I’ve got my rights” Americans have forged a government and established a way of life unparalleled in history. The “American Way” celebrates the supremacy of individual rights over the ideas of community. But does this promote selfishness and a breakdown of society? Can individual choice and freedom coexist with duty and loyalty to others? Generations of writers have grappled with the relation between individualism and community. By reading their observations and reflecting on their conclusions, we can gain a better understanding of our present-day political thought and make judgments on where we want to go from here. If these questions interest you, please join us for this “Let’s Talk About It, Oklahoma” reading and discussion series.
Oklahoma City University invites participants to make these issues come “alive” within and among us in this five-part series. At each session, a Humanities scholar will make a 30-40 minute presentation on the readings. Small group discussion will follow with experienced discussion leaders. At the end, everyone comes together for a brief wrap-up. Anyone interested in participating is encouraged to pre-register and borrow the reading selections by calling Harbour Winn at 521-5472 or dropping by OCU’s Walker Center 171. A brochure describing the series theme is also available.
The series will be held in Walker Center, Room 151, on the Oklahoma City University campus from 7:00 to 9:00 PM on Tuesdays, beginning September 12 and continuing on alternate Tuesdays through November 14. Books, theme materials, and services for this series are provided by “Let’s Talk About It, Oklahoma.” Funding for this series is provided by a grant from the Oklahoma Humanities Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities. “Let’s Talk About It, Oklahoma” is a cooperative project of the Oklahoma Library Association and the Oklahoma Humanities Council.
READINGS AND DATES9/12/2000 Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America
Tocqueville came to the United States over 165 years ago to see what a modern democracy could be. He struggles with the fundamental questions of what kind of community can exist in a country founded on freedom and equality. Would individualism isolate Americans from another and thereby undermine the condition of freedom? (Read: Vol. I: Introduction, pp., 9-20; Part 1—Ch. 2, 3, 4; Part 2—Ch. 4, 6, 7, 9, 10. Vol. 2: Part 2—Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 13; Part 3—Ch. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 22, 24, 26. Note: selections differ somewhat from those listed in the brochure.)
9/26/2000 William Shakespeare's Coriolanus
Shakespeare proves himself a shrewd political observer as well as a great dramatist in this play about republican Rome in the midst of a constitutional crisis. How can a person find personal honor and community approval when one lives in a place torn between patricians and plebs, or between rich and poor?
10/10/2000 Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The Social Contract
Rousseau’s early criticisms of modern liberal democracy are still the basis of many contemporary complaints about unrestricted individual rights. From the point of view of community, is self-interest sufficient to constitute a decent civil society? What about the importance of morality for community? Do we have to limit freedom to remain free?
10/24/2000 Nathaniel Hawthorn's The Scarlet Letter
In Hawthornes’s classic and yet very contemporary tale of “forbidden love,” he asks us to wonder whether individual happiness must be sacrificed for the common good. Can political liberty and moral freedom coexist? What of religious views?
11/14/2000 Ernest Gaines's A Lesson Before Dying
In this 1993 National Book Critics Circle Award winner, Gaines evokes a particular time and place to dramatize fundamental issues in our series theme: the importance of individual dignity, the efficacy of a community’s view of justice, the determination of the common good. An unforgettable novel to close with.
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